Tsum Valley Great Buddhist Master Trail 20 Days

This is a secluded and sacred Himalayan pilgrimage situated in northern Gorkha. ‘Tsum’ Tsum Valley is one of world’s remote Himalayan Valleys which was also a restricted region until a few years ago. Tsum comes from the Tibetan word ‘Tsombo’, which means vivid. Traditionally, Tsum valley was a distinct geographical area called ‘Tsum Tso Chucksums’, which means thirteen provinces ruled as a single territory. Against the majestic backdrop of the Ganesh Himal churkoe,  Himal, Boudha Himal ranges, this peaceful Himalayan valley is rich in ancient art, culture and religion. The local people are mostly of Tibetan origin & speak their own dialect. They have their own unique culture, tradition, & dialect. All the brothers in the family are married to a single girl, what you may call a practice of polyandry. Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expeditions team leader will help us if we want to know about such unique tradition. They celebrate unique festival like Lhosar, Dhacyhang, and Faning. Many residents of this valley claim they have seen or found signs of Mehti, commonly referred as the ‘Yeti’ or ‘Abominable Snowman’.The altitude of Tsum Valley trek varies from 1905m in Lokpa to over 5093m at Ngula Dhojhyang pass on the Tibetan border. This hidden valley is surrounded by the Buddha Himal and Churkoe Himal  to the west, Ganesh Himal to the south & Sringi Himal to the North.
Our trekking route gives trekkers glimpses of diversity of flora & faunna, and people with different religion and cultures. On the way to Philim, there are many waterfalls on both side of the Budhi Gandaki River, & over one hundred bird species live in the forest. Each individual will enjoy the mix of bird-song and the roaring sound of the river. Liding, Machhakhola, Jagat and Philim provide unique hospitality with culture & religion. During this trek the narrow valley shaped by Budhi Gandaki provides the magnificent vistas of Ganesh Himal, Churkoe  Himal Shringi Himal and Himal Chuli. Also we enjoy visiting the ancient Goenpas of the region such as: Rachen Goenpa,Mu Goenpa,  Dhephudoma Goenpa and lots stupas and mani walls.Among them, Rachen Goenpa is different type of Goepa where only nuns are lived. Almost all people follow Buddhism and vegetarian in Tshum Nubri  area which lies in Tsum Nubri  Municipality   is  very  beautiful and sacrificing birds and animals are strictly prohibited there.Only simple local food are available there .

Detail Itinerary

 Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu (1337m)
Day 02: Sightseeing in Kathmandu (1337m)
Day 03: Kathmandu -Soti Khola (700m)  6-7 hours drive
Day 04: Soti Khola -Machha Khola (869m) 4-5 hours
Day 05: Machha Khola -Jagat (1340m) 4-5 hours
Day 06: Jagat – Chisopani (1660m) 4-5 hours
Day 07: Chisopani -Chumling (2,386m)
Day0 8: Chumling – Chokhangparo (3010m) 4-5 hours
Day 09:  Chokhangparo -Nile (3361m)
Day 10: Nile -Mu Gompa (3700m)2 -3 hours
Day 11: Mu Goenpa  Rest/ Sightseeing   (3245m)
Day 12: Mu Goenpa -Lamagaun (3302m) 4-5 hours
Day 13: Lamagaun -Chumling (2,386m) 4-5 hours
Day 14: Chumling – Philim (1,570m)  ) 6-7 hours
Day 15: Philim – dhoman     (855m) 5-6 hours
Day 16: dhoman -labhu besi 5-6 hours
Day 17  labhu besi Soti Khola (700m) 2-3 hours
Day 18: Soti Khola – Kathmandu (600m) 6-7 hours hours drive
Day 19: Shopping /Rest in Kathmandu Sightseeing in Bhaktapur (1401m)3-4 hours
Day 20: Departure from Kathmandu (1337m)

Important Information:

Our Guest’s security is of dominant concern while traveling with Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expedition. Make sure that the trekking leader has the authority to adjust or cancel any part of the itinerary if it is found necessary due to unfavorable circumstances that may occur during the trek. However, the effort will be made to keep to the above planned itinerary. Unfavorable weather conditions, health condition of a group member, unexpected natural disasters, etc., can force to bring the changes in the itinerary. The leader will try his/her best to ensure that the trip goes smoothly according to the plan, but please be ready to be flexible if necessary.




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Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu (1337m)

You are welcomed to Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal renowned for historical monuments, Hindu Temples, and Buddhist Stupas/Monasteries. We meet our guests at the Tribhuvan International Airport. A representative will be waiting with a Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expedition placard with our guests’ names displayed. After dropping luggage at the hotel, guests are taken for a short sightseeing tour. In the evening, guests are invited to a Welcome Dinner at a Nepali restaurant.

Day 02: Sightseeing in Kathmandu (1337m)

A local guide will be available. According to your wishes, the guide will escort you for sightseeing. Sightseeing may include the Kathmandu Durbar Square, Pashupati,  Boudhanath, Patan Durbar Square, and the Swayambhunath areas.  Starting after breakfast, usually at 9.00am, the exploration of Kathmandu Valley can continue until 5.00pm. Lunch and dinner, you will be responsible for.

Day 03: Kathmandu to Soti Khola (700m)  6-7 hours drive bus /jeep

About 8-9 hour’s drive from Kathmandu into the western mountains, takes us to Sotikhola through Prithvi Highway upto Dhadingbesi, headquarter of the Dhading district. From here we turn to the road to Arughat. Through the rough road from Dhadingbesi viewing the greenery hills we reach Arughat, which is a major town in the region and is divided in two parts with the Budhi Gandaki river flowing between them. Then we drive to Sotikhola and spend the night here.

Day 04: Soti Khola to Machha Khola (869m) 4-5 hours

We cross the bridge and walk through the beautiful Sal forests, then climb onto a ridge above the huge and rapidly flowing Budhi Gandaki River. The rocky trail then weaves its way up and down, We pass two tropical waterfalls on a steep, rocky trail clinging to the side of a cliff. It eventually makes its way down and pass a few rice terraces, then up and around to the Gurung village of Labubesi. We climb behind a rocky outcrop, where the valley opens and the Budhi Gandaki strolls among wide gravel bars. We drop to the sandy river bed and walk along stepping on the rounded stones before climbing over a side ridge. Then we head down again to the river and traverse to Machha Khola village where we stay for the night.

Day 05: Machha Khola to Jagat (1340m) 4-5 hours

In the beginning of our walking today,the narrow path makes some slight ups and downs and finally we cross the Tharo Khola, flowing in a rocky ravine, and then reach Khorlabesi. After a few more ups & downs there is a small trailside hotspring, from where we reach to Tatopani, hot spring. From the Hot spring we climb over another ridge, then cross the Budhi Gandaki through a suspension bridge. We climb on a wide, well-crafted staircase, then walk across a landslide and over a ridge to Dobhan. Crossing a suspension bridge over the Dobhan Khola, the path head to Duman. Ascending up again to the Budhi Gandaki, we reach at Yaru Khola. Crossing a suspension bridge over the Yaru Khola we climb the stone stairs and then drop to the river and again climb more stone stairs to Tharo Bharyang. We cross to the west bank of the Budhi Gandaki, climb over a ridge, and walk along the river and finally climb towards the village of Jagat.

Day 06: Jagat to Chisopani (1660m) 4-5 hours

Before we start trekking today we visit to the check post of Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP). After completing with the ACAP procedure, we climb over a rocky ridge to Salleri, and then descend to Sirdibas. The valley widens a bit as the trail continues up to Ghatta Khola. We continue walking upstream to a long and simple suspension bridge. We slowly climb up to Philim, a large Gurung village. Philim is well known for Japanese made school and police station. We walk past Philim to the north across a forest with the views of the narrowing valley and we reach Chisopani.

 Day 07: Chisopani to Chumling (2,386m) 5-6 hours 

After Ekle Bhatti we cross the gorge and walk for half an hour then in the right side we get to see the big and beautiful waterfall. Then we enter the pine tree forests. The path slowly descends down to the path going to the Tsum Valley. We climb through pine and rhododendron forests. We enjoy the views of Himalchuli mountains at 7893m and Boudha Himal from Lokpa, a small beautiful village. After Lokpa, the path descends for half an hour towards Lungwa khola and climbing jig jagged difficult path further two hours north through pines and rhododendrons forest we reach Gumlung. Crossing the Siyar Khola, finally we arrive at Chumling, from where we can view Shringi Himal. We visit the old Chumling gompa, and enjoy walking on the stone paved streets of the village.

Day0 8: Chumling to Chokhangparo (3010m) 4-5 hours

Today we cross the suspension bridge onto the opposite bank. We enjoy the great views of Ganesh Himal. We walk past Rainjam to Serpu Khola crossing another bridge we arrive at the Gho Village.  Another continuous 2 hours’ climb to Tsum takes us to the village of Chhokangparo. From here we can again enjoy the views of Himalchuli (7893 meters) and Ganesh Himal (7140m). We spend the night here.

Day 09:  Chokhangparo to Nile (3361m) 4-5 hours 

Since we are walking in the high altitude we need to be careful of altitude sickness while climbing above Chokhangparo. We walk past Lamagaon crossing rope suspension bridge to the Rachen Gompa, which is also well known as Nunnery Gompa too. We make a small visit and then we cross the Siyar Khola. We continue walking through the well managed villages Lar (micro hydro power), Phurbe and Pangdun. We pass old historic Stupa of Buddha on the way to the village of Chhule. Now we climb upstream and cross the bridge and finally arrive at Nile. If we wish we can make our visit to a famous monastery of Chhule which is located in the top place of the area. We spend the night Nile.

Day 10: Nile to Mu Goenpa  (3700m) 2-3 hours

We are now almost close to the Tibetan border. We walk to the west bank of the valley through the Tibetan landscapes. We slowly climb up to the Mu Gompa. Mu means sky in Tibetan. Hence Mu Gompa means the monastery that lies in the highest altitude. We look round the grand monastery, Mu Gompa first.  Then, we make a visit to the Dhephu Doma Gompa, the nunnery monastery. We visit rest of the interesting places tomorrow. We spend the night inside Gompa here since the accommodation facility is available for the tourists too.

Day 11: Mu Gompa Rest/ Sightseeing   (3245m) visit  Mu goenpa and Ani gereng goenpa  

Since it is an open and spacious area in the high altitude, today we have rest here and make a sightseeing of the whole Mu Gompa Region in the leadership of Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expedition guide. Also this is destination of this trek. Mu Gompa is the largest monastery in the region. The Gompa lies at the highest and most remote part of the Tsum Valley. After exploring the Mu Gompa area, we may also think about getting to the base of Pika Himal (4865m) or we may go for hiking to Bhajyo, a pass from where the views all around are really panoramic. While hiking to Bhajyo we see very big pastures for the Yaks on the way.

Day 12: Mu Goenpa  to Lamagaun (3302m) 4-5 hours

Today we trek back through Chhule and Phurbe, on the east bank of the Siyar Khola. Finally we arrive at Lamagaun, a village of Buddhist priests. We may climb up to the Milarepa’s Cave (piren phu) which is known for its mesmerizing glimpses of Poshyop Glacier, Kipu Himal and Churke himal. We spend the night in Lamagaun.

Day 13: Lamagaun -Chumling (2,386m) 4-5 hours

We continue trekking watching the greenery of nature and descend down to Chhokang Paro again. From there we continuously walk down to Gho, a small village. Monastery and stupas are seen here too. Descending further, we arrive at the bridge over the Sarpu Khola. Trekking along the lower Tsum Valley takes us again to Chumling where we will spend the night again.

Day 14: Chumling to Philim (1,570m)  ) 6-7hours

The path continues down to Lokpa where we had spent the night previously. After lunch we move ahead to south on a flat trail. We enjoy the splendid view of gorgeous Samba Falls. Finally we arrive at Philim, a beautiful Gurung village, after 6 or 7 hours long walk. A trail passes through this village that leads the passersby to the Ganesh Himal Base Camp. There is a small cinema hall where films are shown. Hence the village got the name Philim. We spend the night here. Ama Samuha, a group of mothers in the village, will make our evening joyful with their cultural show.

Day 15: Philim to dhoman (855m) 5-6 hours 

Our trek starts today from Philim to Jagat and Tatopani.  We walk down to Sirdibas and we finally reach to Jagat. Further descend takes us to Yaruphant, a very big farm land. The dry Tibetan climate now gives way to subtropical green vegetation. We continue trekking to Dobhan where the two rivers meet. Finally we arrive at Tatopani. There is a hot spring at Tatopani. If interested, you may dip yourself in the hot spring and relax your tired muscles by soaking yourself in the hot spring. Then again we continue walking up and down from Tatopani to reach Khorlabesi, our rest place for the day. We spend the night here.

Day 16: dhoman to labhu besi 5-6 hours   

Day  17:labhu besi  Soti Khola (700m) 2-3 hours

The trail we walk toady crosses the Tharo Khola flowing in a rocky ravine. We head down again to the river and walk to Machha Khola village. We walk along the Budhi Gandaki River to reach to Gurung village of Labubesi. We pass the two beautiful waterfalls on a steep rocky trail on the side of a cliff. We then reach Khursane. We walk along the ridge above Budhi Gandaki and cross the Sal forests. Finally, we cross the bridge to arrive at Soti Khola. We spend the night here.

Day 18: Soti Khola to Kathmandu (600m) 6-7 hours bus 

The rough motor abale road runs from Soti Khola to Arughat. We may reserve a vehicle that takes us Soti Khola to Kathmandu via Arught. Or we may ride on the jeep that locally runs from Soti Khola to Arughat and from Arughat we may catch a bus to Kathmandu that runs on the Prithvi Highway along the banks of the Marsyangdi and Trishuli rivers with splendid views of green hills, mountains, farming terraces and villages on both sides of the road. Now we are in the well facilitated capital city where we spend the night in a facilitated hotel after a number of days trek.

Day 19: Shopping /Rest in Kathmandu Sightseeing and  Bhaktapur (1401m) 3-4 hours

This day is free too. If you wish, a sightseeing trip to the ancient temple/king’s seat of the world heritage site of incredible Bhaktapur can be arranged.  The tour lasts 4 hours, and will cost an additional upcharge. In the evening, a Farewell Dinner is given by Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expedition.

 Day 20: Departure from Kathmandu (1337m)

A Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expedition staff representative will take our valuable guests to the airport (3 hours prior to your flight) and bid goodbye. It will be not only goodbye, but also the welcome for next visit to Nepal.