Tsum Valley trek is one of Nepal’s remote Himalayan Valleys trek and it was a restricted region until a few years ago. Tsum Valley is a secluded and sacred Himalayan pilgrimage situated in northern Gorkha. Tsum comes from the Tibetan word ‘Tsombo’, which means vivid. Traditionally, Tsum valley was a distinct geographical area called ‘Tsum Tso Chucksums’, which means thirteen provinces ruled as a single territory. Set within the majestic backdrop of the Ganesh Himal, Churkoe Himal, Boudha Himal mountains, the valley is rich in ancient art, culture, and religion. The local people are of Tibetan origin and speak their own dialect. Their cultural traditions are unique. They celebrate the Tibetan festivals of Lhosar, Dhacyhang, and Faning. Polyandry is practiced. Often, the brothers of a family are married to a single girl. Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expeditions team leader will introduce you to the local people and explain such traditions. Villagers claim they have seen or found signs of Mehti or ‘Yeti’ (the Abominable Snowman).
The altitude of Tsum Valley trek varies from 1905m in Lokpa to over 5093m at Ngula Dhojhyang pass on the Tibetan border. Our trekking route passes through a diversity of flora and fauna, and ethnicities with different religious and cultural practices. On the way to Philim, along the Budhi Gandaki River, there are many waterfalls and jungle forest where over one hundred bird species live. The forest path is filled with bird-song and the roaring of the river. The trek passes through the narrow valley shaped by Budhi Gandaki River and provides magnificent vistas of Ganesh Himal, Churkoe Himal, Shringi Himal, and Himal Chuli. The Himalayan Vacations Treks and Expedition guide will escort guests to the ancient Gompa (monasteries) of the region such as Rachen Goenpa, Mu Gompa, and Dhephudoma Gompa. Rachen Gompa is a special Gompa where only nuns live. The Tshum Nubri Area is rich in Buddhist culture and the people are strictly vegetarian. The killing, sacrificing of animals and birds is strictly prohibited here.
Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu (1337m)
Day 02: Sightseeing in Kathmandu (1337m)
Day 03: Kathmandu -Soti Khola (700m) 6-7 hours drive
Day 04: Soti Khola -Machha Khola (869m) 4-5 hours
Day 05: Machha Khola -Jagat (1340m) 4-5 hours
Day 06: Jagat – Chisopani (1660m) 4-5 hours
Day 07: Chisopani -Chumling (2,386m)
Day0 8: Chumling – Chokhangparo (3010m) 4-5 hours
Day 09: Chokhangparo -Nile (3361m)
Day 10: Nile -Mu Gompa (3700m)2 -3 hours
Day 11: Mu Gompa Rest/ Sightseeing (3245m)
Day 12: Mu Gompa -Lamagaun (3302m) 4-5 hours
Day 13: Lamagaun -Chumling (2,386m) 4-5 hours
Day 14: Chumling – Philim (1,570m) ) 6-7 hours
Day 15: Philim – dhoman (855m) 5-6 hours
Day 16: dhoman -labhu besi 5-6 hours
Day 17 labhu besi Soti Khola (700m) 2-3 hours
Day 18: Soti Khola – Kathmandu (600m) 6-7 hours drive
Day 19: Shopping /Rest in Kathmandu Sightseeing in Bhaktapur (1401m)3-4 hours
Day 20: Departure from Kathmandu (1337m)
Our Guest’s security is of dominant concern to Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expedition. Please understand that the HV Treks trekking leader has the authority to adjust or cancel any part of the itinerary if it is found prudent. Unfavorable circumstances may occur during the trek. Such as dangerous weather conditions, the condition of a group member, natural events like landslides, can force changes in the itinerary. All efforts will be made to keep to the planned itinerary. The HV Treks leader will try his/her best to ensure that the trip goes smoothly and according to plan, but please be ready to be flexible if necessary. Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expedition is capable, experienced, and prepared to give a 24-hour emergency response to an accident or condition that requires attention or evacuation.
Himalayan Vacation Treks & Expedition requires that trekking and expedition guests have Insurance Policies. A Travel Insurance Policy should cover the cost of emergencies (including altitude sickness), injuries, and evacuations. Please, it is essential to bring your Travel Insurance Policy, or copies of your pertinent existing insurance coverage with you to Nepal. HV Treks will require a copy for our office records. We, as well, advise you to inform your existing insurance agent/company of your itinerary, including trekking, climbing, and hiking, and insure your current policy provides sufficient coverage.
You are welcomed to Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal renowned for historical monuments, Hindu Temples, and Buddhist Stupas/Monasteries. We meet our guests at the Tribhuvan International Airport. A representative will be waiting with a Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expedition placard with our guests’ names displayed. After dropping luggage at the hotel, guests are taken for a short sightseeing tour. In the evening, guests are invited to a Welcome Dinner at a Nepali restaurant.
Day 02: Sightseeing in Kathmandu (1337m)
A local guide will be available. According to your wishes, the guide will escort you for sightseeing. Sightseeing may include the Kathmandu Durbar Square, Pashupati, Boudhanath, Patan Durbar Square, and the Swayambhunath areas. Starting after breakfast, usually at 9.00am, the exploration of Kathmandu Valley can continue until 5.00pm. Lunch and dinner, you will be responsible for.
Day 03: Kathmandu to Soti Khola (700m) 6-7 hours drive bus /jeep
About 8-9 hour’s drive from Kathmandu into the western mountains, takes us to Sotikhola through Prithvi Highway up to Dhadingbesi, headquarter of the Dhading district. From here we turn to the road to Arughat. Through the rough road from Dhadingbesi viewing the greenery hills, we reach Arughat, which is a major town in the region and is divided into two parts with the Budhi Gandaki river flowing between them. Then we drive to Sotikhola and spend the night here.
Day 04: Soti Khola to Machha Khola (869m) 4-5 hours
We cross the bridge and walk through the beautiful Sal forests, then climb onto a ridge above the huge and rapidly flowing Budhi Gandaki River. The rocky trail then weaves its way up and down, We pass two tropical waterfalls on a steep, rocky trail clinging to the side of a cliff. It eventually makes its way down and pass a few rice terraces, then up and around to the Gurung village of Labubesi. We climb behind a rocky outcrop, where the valley opens and the Budhi Gandaki strolls among wide gravel bars. We drop to the sandy river bed and walk along stepping on the rounded stones before climbing over a side ridge. Then we head down again to the river and traverse to Machha Khola village where we stay for the night.
Day 05: Machha Khola to Jagat (1340m) 4-5 hours
At the beginning of our walking today, the narrow path makes some slight ups and downs and finally we cross the Tharo Khola, flowing in a rocky ravine, and then reach Khorlabesi. After a few more ups & downs there is a small trailside hot spring, from where we reach Tatopani, hot spring. From the Hot spring, we climb over another ridge, then cross the Budhi Gandaki through a suspension bridge. We climb on a wide, well-crafted staircase, then walk across a landslide and over a ridge to Dobhan. Crossing a suspension bridge over the Dobhan Khola, the path head to Duman. Ascending up again to the Budhi Gandaki, we reach Yaru Khola. Crossing a suspension bridge over the Yaru Khola we climb the stone stairs and then drop to the river and again climb more stone stairs to Tharo Bharyang. We cross to the west bank of the Budhi Gandaki, climb over a ridge, and walk along the river and finally climb towards the village of Jagat.
Day 06: Jagat to Chisopani (1660m) 4-5 hours
Before we start trekking today we visit the check post of Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP). After completing with the ACAP procedure, we climb over a rocky ridge to Salleri and then descend to Sirdibas. The valley widens a bit as the trail continues up to Ghatta Khola. We continue walking upstream to a long and simple suspension bridge. We slowly climb up to Philim, a large Gurung village. Philim is well known for Japanese made school and police station. We walk past Philim to the north across a forest with the views of the narrowing valley and we reach Chisopani.
Day 07: Chisopani to Chumling (2,386m) 5-6 hours
After Ekle Bhatti we cross the gorge and walk for half an hour then on the right side we get to see the big and beautiful waterfall. Then we enter the pine tree forests. The path slowly descends down to the path going to the Tsum Valley. We climb through pine and rhododendron forests. We enjoy the views of Himalchuli mountains at 7893m and Boudha Himal from Lokpa, a small beautiful village. After Lokpa, the path descends for half an hour towards Lungwa Khola and climbing jig jagged difficult path further two hours north through pines and rhododendrons forest we reach Gumlung. Crossing the Siyar Khola, finally, we arrive at Chumling, from where we can view Shringi Himal. We visit the old Chumling gompa and enjoy walking on the stone-paved streets of the village.
Day0 8: Chumling to Chokhangparo (3010m) 4-5 hours
Today we cross the suspension bridge onto the opposite bank. We enjoy the great views of Ganesh Himal. We walk past Rainjam to Serpu Khola crossing another bridge we arrive at the Gho Village. Another continuous 2 hours’ climb to Tsum takes us to the village of Chhokangparo. From here we can again enjoy the views of Himalchuli (7893 meters) and Ganesh Himal (7140m). We spend the night here.
Day 09: Chokhangparo to Nile (3361m) 4-5 hours
Since we are walking in the high altitude we need to be careful of altitude sickness while climbing above Chokhangparo. We walk past Lamagaon crossing rope suspension bridge to the Rachen Gompa, which is also well known as Nunnery Gompa too. We make a small visit and then we cross the Siyar Khola. We continue walking through the well-managed villages Lar (micro hydropower), Phurbe and Pangdun. We pass old historic Stupa of Buddha on the way to the village of Chhule. Now we climb upstream and cross the bridge and finally arrive at Nile. If we wish we can make our visit to a famous monastery of Chhule which is located in the top place of the area.
Day 10: Nile to Mu Goenpa (3700m) 2-3 hours
We are now almost close to the Tibetan border. We walk to the west bank of the valley through the Tibetan landscapes. We slowly climb up to the Mu Gompa. Mu means sky in Tibetan. Hence Mu Gompa means the monastery that lies in the highest altitude. We look round the grand monastery, Mu Gompa first. Then, we make a visit to the Dhephu Doma Gompa, the nunnery monastery. We visit the rest of the interesting places tomorrow. We spend the night inside Gompa here since the accommodation facility is available for the tourists too.
Day 11: Mu Gompa Rest/Sightseeing (3245m) visit Mu gompa and Ani gereng gompa
Since it is an open and spacious area in the high altitude, today we have rest here and make a sightseeing of the whole Mu Gompa Region in the leadership of Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expedition guide. Also, this is the destination of this trek. Mu Gompa is the largest monastery in the region. The Gompa lies at the highest and most remote part of the Tsum Valley. After exploring the Mu Gompa area, we may also think about getting to the base of Pika Himal (4865m) or we may go for hiking to Bhajyo, a pass from where the views all around are really panoramic. While hiking to Bhajyo we see very big pastures for the Yaks on the way.
Day 12: Mu Gompa to Lamagaun (3302m) 4-5 hours
Today we trek back through Chhule and Phurbe, on the east bank of the Siyar Khola. Finally, we arrive at Lamagaun, a village of Buddhist priests. We may climb up to the Milarepa’s Cave (piren phu) which is known for its mesmerizing glimpses of Poshyop Glacier, Kipu Himal and Churke himal. We spend the night in Lamagaun.
Day 13: Lamagaun -Chumling (2,386m) 4-5 hours
We continue trekking watching the greenery of nature and descend down to Chhokang Paro again. From there we continuously walk down to Gho, a small village. Monastery and stupas are seen here too. Descending further, we arrive at the bridge over the Sarpu Khola. Trekking along the lower Tsum Valley takes us again to Chumling where we will spend the night again.
Day 14: Chumling to Philim (1,570m) ) 6-7hours
The path continues down to Lokpa where we had spent the night previously. After lunch, we move ahead to south on a flat trail. We enjoy the splendid view of gorgeous Samba Falls. Finally, we arrive at Philim, a beautiful Gurung village, after 6 or 7 hours long walk. A trail passes through this village that leads the passersby to the Ganesh Himal Base Camp. There is a small cinema hall where films are shown. Hence the village got the name Philim. We spend the night here. Ama Samuha, a group of mothers in the village, will make our evening joyful with their cultural show.
Day 15: Philim to dhoman (855m) 5-6 hours
Our trek starts today from Philim to Jagat and Tatopani. We walk down to Sirdibas and we finally reach Jagat. Further descend takes us to Yaruphant, a very big farmland. The dry Tibetan climate now gives way to subtropical green vegetation. We continue trekking to Dobhan where the two rivers meet. Finally, we arrive at Tatopani. There is a hot spring at Tatopani. If interested, you may dip yourself in the hot spring and relax your tired muscles by soaking yourself in the hot spring. Then again we continue walking up and down from Tatopani to reach Khorlabesi, our rest place for the day. We spend the night here.
Day 16: dhoman to labhu besi 5-6 hours
Day 17: labhu besi Soti Khola (700m) 2-3 hours
The trail we walk toady crosses the Tharo Khola flowing in a rocky ravine. We head down again to the river and walk to Machha Khola village. We walk along the Budhi Gandaki River to reach to Gurung village of Labubesi. We pass the two beautiful waterfalls on a steep rocky trail on the side of a cliff. We then reach Khursane. We walk along the ridge above Budhi Gandaki and cross the Sal forests. Finally, we cross the bridge to arrive at Soti Khola. We spend the night here.
Day 18: Soti Khola to Kathmandu (600m)6-7 hours bus
The rough motor road runs from Soti Khola to Arughat. We may reserve a vehicle that takes us Soti Khola to Kathmandu via Arught. Or we may ride on the jeep that locally runs from Soti Khola to Arughat and from Arughat we may catch a bus to Kathmandu that runs on the Prithvi Highway along the banks of the Marsyangdi and Trishuli rivers with splendid views of green hills, mountains, farming terraces and villages on both sides of the road. Now we are in the well-facilitated capital city where we spend the night in a facilitated hotel after a number of days trek.
Day 19: Shopping /Rest in Kathmandu Sightseeing and Bhaktapur (1401m) 3-4 hours
This day is free too. If you wish, a sightseeing trip to the ancient temple/king’s seat of the world heritage site of incredible Bhaktapur can be arranged. The tour lasts 4 hours and will cost an additional upcharge. In the evening, a Farewell Dinner is given by Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expedition.
Day 20: Departure from Kathmandu (1337m)
Today, we check the list of all necessary documents and goods of our guest. We confirm the flight tickets before 72 hours of departure flight. We advise our guest to put passport and tickets at their handbag for convenience. Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expedition staff representative will take our valuable guests to the airport (3 hours prior to your flight) and bid goodbye.
Included in the Cost
Airport pickups and drops in a private vehicle
Welcome or farewell dinners in Kathmandu
4-night hotel accommodation in Kathmandu with breakfast
Entrance fees for sightseeing/monument visits as per the itinerary
All ground transportation on a comfortable private vehicle as per the itinerary
Guided city tour in Kathmandu by private vehicle
Entrance fees for sightseeing/monument visits as per the itinerary
Mountain experienced, English-speaking and government-licensed friendly guide and assistant guide (Up to 4 persons one guide
Staff costs including their salary, insurance, equipment,
Himalayan Vacation treks and expedition trekking bag/12 -14 kg capacity bag, and trekking map/ card are yours to take,
Special permit of Tsum Valley
Manaslu Conservation Area Permit
First Aid Medical kit (carried by your Trekking leader for Nepali staff
All government and local taxes
All necessary paperwork and trekking permits
Not Included in the Cost
Nepalese visa fee 15 Days – 30 USD 30 Days – 50 USD 90 Days – 125 USD
meals (breakfast, lunch, and dinner) during the Trekking/walking
Excess baggage charge(s)
Extra night accommodation in Kathmandu because of early arrival, late departure, early return from mountain (due to any reason) than the scheduled itinerary
Lunch and evening meals in Kathmandu
Travel and rescue insurance
Emergency Evacuation (Helicopter Rescue).
Down jacket and sleeping bag and Trekking Walking Hiking shoes.
Personal expenses (phone calls, laundry, bar bills, battery recharge, extra porters, bottle or boiled water, shower, etc.)
Tips for guide(s), porter(s) and driver(s)
Number of participants
Minimum number of participants: 2
Maximum number of participants: 12
Max Altitude: 3700 meters Best Season: Sep – Nov, and March-May Difficulty Level: Moderate
December, January, and February
It is called the winter season in Nepal. It is a season for snowfall in mountain region above 4300m in Nepal. So trekking is possible below 4500m during this period. This season is noted for occasional snowfall at higher elevations in the Himalayas. Though it gets colder in a night, often it offers the clear day / blue sky and relatively fewer trekkers on the trail. Sunrise and Sunset are seen very clear and beautiful in this season. So tourist who wants to pass short holidays during this period Himalayan vacation Treks and Expedition welcomes to see a splendid view of nature. During this period, we arrange a family tour to experience natural beauty with short hikes and cultural tour. It is suitable for homestay tour through which different rituals and culture can be experienced during this period. The famous homestay like Sailung Timal homestay,Timal homestay, Tamang Heritage Homestay, Ghalegaon Homestay are the special places to visit. Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expedition arranges a tour for these places.
March, April, and May
It is spring season which is known as trekking season in Nepal. A smooth wind and gentle breeze are felt all over the country. Sunny days and clear weather are the supportive factors for trekking in this season. Presence of a cloud can be seen in the sky during this season. So a short rainfall can be felt during this period. It is the season of an expedition and climbing high peaks in Nepal. So many tourists from different parts of the world come to climb peaks above 7000m in this season. Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expedition arranges tour and journey for climbing during this period. Peak climbing period can be in length up to June so Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expedition arranges attractive programmes during this period. This period offers plenty of opportunities for clear mountain views. It is also the time for flowers to blossom, and the national flower of Nepal – rhododendrons – coat the mountainsides with its colorful beauty throughout the spring.
June, July, and August
It is rainy season in Nepal. As it is the season of heavy rainfall. it is also known as the crops harvesting season in Nepal. In this season, trekking is slightly difficult in Nepal. These times are blessed for the keen botanist as the higher valleys and meadows blossom with flowers and lush vegetation. Trekking in the rain-shadow (places are out of reach of the rain clouds because of the high mountains) areas north of the Himalaya like Upper Mustang and Dolpo could be an ideal trek selection. However, Himalayan vacation Treks and Expedition arranges tour and trek during this period in dry areas. We arrange treks and tour in dry areas like Mustang, Upper Dolpa, Leh Ladakh (India) and Tibet.
September, October, and November
Moderate temperatures, clear sky with outstanding views, making it a great time to do any of our treks. Occasional short storms may dump snow at high altitudes. This is the season of feast and festivals. This is also known as the special season for flowers in Nepal. Marigold is popular and found best in this season. Temples and holy places are visited during this period. Festivals like Dashain, Tihar, and Chhath are celebrated during this season. Long national holidays are offered for this festival for civil workers. This season is known as the king of the season. No rainfall, sunny days and moderate temperature are the most favorable factors of this season for treks and tours in Nepal. Every kind of treks and tours can be done during this period. So many tourists come to see beautiful Nepal in this season. Many trekking routes are full of tourist during this season. Peaks 6000m to 7000m is the best destination for climbing in this season. Himalayan Vacation Treks and Expedition welcomes tourist to feel the splendid view of the nature of Nepal in this season.
Equipment & Packing List
This list is a guideline to help you pack for your adventure. Please understand that the items listed below will vary according to the season and the duration of the trek. The weight limit for your luggage is 33 pounds or 12 kg. Your gear will be carried by your porter and you will be required to carry your own day-pack (with your valuables and things of immediate importance to you). We also suggest that you pack only what is necessary. Our list of equipment is prepared on the basis of our long experience. The Himalayan Vacation Trek & Expedition Team leader will check your gear to ensure you have all the necessary equipment at the start of the trek. If necessary, the HVTreks’ guide will request additions of necessary equipment when and where it is available.
Important documents and items
Valid passport, 2 extra passport size photos, airline tickets
Separate photocopies of passport, visa form (easily obtained at Kathmandu airport), proof of insurance
Dollars, pounds or Euros in cash for purchasing Nepalese visa at Kathmandu airport, for paying for restaurants and hotels, for gratuities, snacks, and to purchase your own drinks and gifts
Credit cards, Bank/ATM/Cash machine cards for withdrawing funds from cash machines (bring a photocopy of your cards), traveler’s checks, etc.
Bandana or headscarf, also useful for dusty conditions
A warm hat that covers your ears (wool or synthetic)
Headlamp with extra batteries and bulbs
Sunglasses with UV protection
Prescription sunglasses (if required)
Polypropylene shirts (1 half sleeve and 2 long sleeves)
Gore-Tex jacket with hood, waterproof and breathable
1 pair of lightweight poly-liner gloves.
1 pair of lightweight wool or fleece gloves
1 pair of mittens, consists of 1 Gore-Tex over mitt matched with a very warm polar-fleece mitt liner (seasonal)
Non-cotton underwear briefs
1 pair of Hiking shorts
1 pair of Hiking trousers
1 pair of lightweight thermal bottoms (seasonal)
1 pair of fleece or woolen trousers
1 pair of waterproof shell pants, breathable fabric
2 pairs of thin, lightweight inner socks
2 pairs of heavy poly or wool socks
1 pair of Hiking boots with spare laces (sturdy soles, water resistant, ankle support, “broken in”)
1 pair of trainers or running shoes and/or sandals
Cotton socks (optional)
Gaiters (winter only), optional are “low” ankle high version
1 sleeping bag (good to -10 degrees C or 14 degrees F)*
Fleece sleeping bag liner (optional)
Hot water bag under a sleeping bag
Rucksack and Travel Bags
1 medium rucksack (50-70 liters/3000-4500 cubic inches, can be used for an airplane carry-on)
1 large duffel bag
A small daypack/backpack for carrying your valuables should have good shoulder padding
Small padlocks for duffel-kit bags
2 large waterproof rucksack covers (optional)
-Note: In the larger towns and cities of Nepal, pharmacies have available common over-the-counter pharmaceuticals. Western/foreign brand name products and prescription drugs are not. We suggest you bring the pharmaceuticals you use in enough quantity.
Small, personal first-aid kit with first-aid tape, antiseptics, and plasters (Band-Aids) (please simple and light)
Aspirin or preferred comparable
A cough and/or cold medicine
Anti-altitude sickness pills: Diamox or Acetazolamide
Stomach antibiotic: Ciprofloxacin, etc.
Water filter or water purification tablets
1 set of earplugs
Extra pair of prescription glasses, contact lens supplies
Please Do Not bring sleeping pills as they are a respiratory depressant.